Diamond Education

Learn About Diamonds

Diamond 4CsThe value of a certified diamond is determined by its quality and individual characteristics. These qualities are what defines a diamond and are known as the 4C's. Obtaining knowledge and an understanding about the 4C's is an important first step towards buying the right diamond.

Naturally you will want the best quality diamond you can afford.Before you buy a diamond it is best to have an understanding of what you are buying, so that you are able to make an informed decision.

Learn about cut , clarity , colour  and carat  weight.

diamond logoDiamond Carat Weight

The weight of a diamond is expressed in carats, this is the weight of measure that the diamond industry uses to weigh diamonds. One carat is divided into 100 points. A diamond weighing one quarter of a carat can also be described as weighing 25 points or 0.25 carats. Carat is often confused with size of a diamond even though it is actually a measure of weight, a diamond's size is measured by fractions of millimetres.

Hundreds of tons of rock and ore must be processed to uncover a single one-carat gem quality diamond, and less than one percent of all women will ever own a one- carat or larger diamond. Since a carat is a unit of weight and not size, two diamonds of the same carat weight may appear to be different sizes depending on how the diamond is cut. Some diamonds will have extra weight on the bottom part of the diamond, the pavilion, and therefore will appear smaller visually.

Do not be mistaken by the belief that the larger the carat weight, the more valuable the diamond. While this can be true, it is not necessarily so. Keep in mind that a diamond's colour, clarity and cut are major factors that influence the value of a diamond.
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diamond logoDiamond Colour

Diamonds are found in a variety of colours. The rarest diamonds are ones that have a colourless grading or diamonds with fancy colours such as greens, blues, reds and pinks. Varying degrees of yellow or brown colour is common in most diamonds and a slight difference in colour can make a substantial difference in the value. A truly colourless diamond is extremely rare and considered the most valuable.

Most diamonds appear white to the naked eye, but they all include trace amounts of yellow or brown colour. The diamond colour scale goes from D to Z , with D being the finest colour grade - colourless and Z being the most tinted or yellow colour grade .

Diamonds that are colour graded in the D-F range are the rarest and consequently the most valuable. In reality, diamonds in the G-J range have such a small amount of colour that the untrained eye can not see it and as such offer great value.
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diamond logoDiamond Clarity

Clarity is a term used to describe the absence or presence of flaws inside or on the surface of a diamond. The clarity of a diamond refers to a diamond's clearness or purity. 

When these flaws or marks occur internally, they are called inclusions and when these flaws or marks occur on the surface, they are known as blemishes. Most diamonds have these imperfections in them. Although many of these flaws are not visible to the naked eye, but under magnification they become noticeable. These inclusions make every diamond unique but they also affect the beauty and value of the diamond.

Diamond's clarity grade is based on the number, size, nature, and location of inclusions and blemishes. Diamonds that have a higher clarity grade are far more valuable in comparison to diamond that contains numerous inclusions because it is less brilliant due to inclusions interfering with light passing through it. 
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diamond logoDiamond Cut

Diamond cut refers to the angles and proportions of a diamond. Based on scientific formulas, a well-cut diamond will internally reflect light from one mirror-like facet to another and disperse and reflect it through the top of the stone. This results in a display of brilliance and fire.

Did you know that if the diamond is poorly cut, the colour and clarity can not make up for it? The cut of a diamond is what makes a rough diamond sparkle and shine. If a diamond is poorly cut, the light that enters the diamond from above will leak out of the sides and bottom of the stone, and the diamond will not have optimum sparkle or fire — regardless of its colour, clarity or size. 

Diamond cut is perhaps the most important of the four Cs, so it is important to understand how cut quality affects the values of a diamond.
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Buying Diamonds

When you start to think about buying a loose diamond , you naturally will want the best diamond that you can afford.Diamonds can be found in a range of shapes, sizes, qualities and prices. The value of a diamond is determined by its exact quality as defined by the 4C's; Cut, Colour, Clarity and Carat-Weight. Before you start diamond shopping, it is best to have an understanding of what you are buying. Obtaining knowledge and  learning about diamonds is the first important step towards safely buying a quality diamond. Learn more about buying diamonds. 

diamond logoDiamond Buying Advice

When buying a loose diamond, make sure you buy the best quality diamond thatDiamond Guarantee is within your budget. Do not buy a diamond just because it has been "discounted"or the diamond dealer is offering a "special price". These "sale" prices and deals are nothing more than marketing hype and will not result in any real savings to the price of a diamond. The price of diamonds is controlled by international market conditions and the availabilty. Unlike other jewellery items, diamonds do not go on sale because they do not have huge profit margins or over inflated prices. 

Do not confuse a diamonds carat weight with the size of a diamond. Two diamonds that have the same carat weight could have very different diameter measurements and appearance in actual size. A poorly cut 1.00ct diamond may look like a 0.75ct diamond from the top because they have the same diameter measurements even though their carat weights are different. 

Diamonds are sold by their carat weight. A diamond cutter always tries to retain as much carat weight and as few inclusions when cutting a diamond. Sometimes the cut of a diamond might be sacrificed in order to produce a diamond with a higher carat weight. Diamonds that have a higher cut quality, excellent, ideal and very good cut diamonds, will sparkle with far more brilliance and fire than poorly cut diamonds which have a lower cut grade.

There is alot more about diamonds and their prices than just learning about the diamond's cut, colour, clarity, and carat weight. Every diamond is unique, no two diamonds are the same and to fully understand them requires lengthy study, specialised equipment and years of experience. 

Nothing beats seeing a diamond in person to determine the true quality. Diamond appreciation is a very personal thing. At the end of the day all the numbers, certificates and photos in the world mean nothing if you do not like the look of the diamond and it does not sparkle displaying maxium Brilliance, Fire and Scintillation.
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Diamond Cut

The cut of a Diamond is the only property, which is totally dependent on man.  Cut refers to the shape, proportions, symmetry, and finnish or make of the diamond. A Diamond's Cut will influence the brilliance and fire of the diamond, and is what gives a diamond it's beauty. Did you know that if a diamond is poorly cut, the colour and clarity can not make up for it? Diamond Cut is therefore one of the most important aspects to consider when choosing a diamond. Learn more about Diamond Cut.

diamond logoDiamond Cut

The cut of a diamond is what determines how the light that enters the diamond is reflected and therefore how much fire and brilliance the diamond will exude. A diamond that is cut too shallow with respect to its width will allow too much light to pass straight through the diamond, leaving little light to reflect. Such a diamond will appear dull and lacking in brilliance. Alternatively, a diamond that is cut too deeply will allow light to escape from the sides of the diamond and also appearing dull.Diamond Cut
You may have heard of a terms "Ideal Cut", "Excellent Cut " or "Triple EX". These terms refers to the attempt to cut a round diamond into the best proportions to achieve maximum brilliance, fire and scintillation.  In order to cut a stone to these ideal or excellent proportions, much of the rough diamond is sacrificed, leaving a stone with a smaller carat weight. Diamond cutters sometimes sacrifice these optinum proportions to end up with a larger, more profitable stone.Diamond Proportions
A diamond's ability to reflect light determines its display of fire and brilliance. Diamonds are usually cut with 58 facets, or separate flat surfaces. These facets follow a mathematical formula and are placed at precise angles in relation to each other. This relationship is designed to maximize the amount of light reflected through the diamond and to increase the diamond's brilliance.
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Diamond Colour

Diamonds are found in a variety of colours. The rarest diamonds are ones that have a colourless grading or diamonds with fancy colours such as greens, blues, reds and pinks. The colour of a diamond has a significant impact on its value. The diamond colour scale ranges from D to Z colour, D being colourless down to zed colour which is light yellow. Even though the most valuable diamond is D colour, a diamond which grades G colour through to J colour will appear nearly colourless. More information about the colour of diamonds and Diamond Colour Grade.

diamond logoDiamond Colour Grade

Grading polished diamonds for colour means determining the amount the diamond’s “body colour” deviates from the whitest possible (water like colourless) colour. This concept should not be confused with the sparkle, brilliance, or scintillation of the diamond. 

Because diamonds have a high brilliance and dispersion of light, the colour grade cannot be accurately determined by looking at the stone from the top (face up position). It is best to observe colour by examining the diamond through the side of the pavilion (bottom of the stone) with the diamond upside down in a white grading trough. Diamonds should be examined in several positions to obtain an accurate colour grade.

Colour Master Stones

Diamond colour has a significant impact on its value. The colour scale ranges from D to Z, from colourless to light yellow, respectively. The further from colourless that a diamond is grade, the less rare and therefore less valuable it becomes. When buying a diamond, take into consideration that it is often very difficult to detect the difference between a colourless diamond (D-F) and a near colourless diamond (G-J), especially when it is mounted in jewellery.

Diamond Colour Chart
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Diamond Clarity

Diamond clarity refers to the presence of identifying characteristics on and within the diamond . Most diamonds contain what are called inclusions, these have been caused by the constantly changing conditions during the different phases of the diamond's creation. Diamonds are graded for clarity under 10 power loupe magnification. Clarity grades range from Internally Flawless to  Pique 3 or P3 / I3. While Flawless diamonds are the rarest. A diamond does not have to be flawless to be beautiful. Learn more about the clarity grade of diamonds.

diamond logoDiamond Clarity Grade

Clarity is a term used to describe the absence or presence of flaws inside or on the surface of a diamond. In other words, the clarity of a diamond refers to a diamond's clearness or purity. 

Inclusions occur internally in the diamond and the most common types of inclusions are Crystals, Tiny Bubbles, Internal Graining, Needles, Knots, Chips, Cavities, Cleavage, Feathers, and Clouds.

Flaws or marks that occur on the surface of the diamond are known as blemishes, common types of blemishes are Polish lines, Naturals, Scratches, Nicks, Pits, Stress Lines, Surface Graining and Extra Facets.

Tthe diamond's clarity grade is based on the number, size, nature, and location of imperfections on the finished stone. Diamonds that have a higher clarity are far more valuable in comparison to diamonds that contain numerous inclusions.  

FL, IF Diamonds - Flawless, Internally Flawless
VVS1, VVS2 Diamonds - Very, Very Slightly Included
VS1, VS2 Diamonds - Very Slightly Included
SI1, SI2 Diamonds - Slightly Included
I1, I2, I3 Diamonds - IncludedDiamond Clarity
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Diamond Carat

The weight of a diamond is expressed in carats, this is the weight of measure that the jewellery industry uses to weigh diamonds.  One carat is divided into 100 points. A diamond weighing one quarter of a carat can also be described as weighing 25 points or 0.25 carats. Carat is often confused with the size of a diamond, even though it is actually a measure of weight or a diamond's mass. The size of a diamond is measured in millimetres. Larger diamonds are found in nature with much less frequency which makes them more valuable. Learn more about the carat weight of diamonds.

diamond_logoDiamond Carat Weight

Carat is a unit measuring the weight of a diamond not the diamond's physical size. Two diamonds that have the same carat weight may appear to be different sizes depending on how they are cut. Some diamonds will have extra weight on the bottom part of the diamond or a thick girdle and therefore will make the diamond a heavier carat weight but appear visually smaller.

Diamonds are sold by their carat weight therefore the heavier a diamond weighs once it is cut the higher the price per carat it can be sold for. A diamond cutter always try to retain as much carat weight and as few inclusions in order to obtain the best possible price per carat and sometimes the cut of a diamond is sacrificed in order to cut a diamond with a higher carat weight. Large diamonds are discovered rarely compared to small rough diamonds, which makes alot more valuable.

Do not be mistaken by the belief that the heavier the carat weight, the more valuable the diamond, it is not necessarily true because the colour, clarity and cut are major factors that influence the value of a diamond.

Diamond Carat Weights
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Diamond Certificates

A diamond certificate is a blueprint of a loose diamond. A diamond certificate can also be called a diamond grading report or diamond dossier . The diamond certificate documents the diamond's exact measurements and weight, as well as the details of its cut and clarity. It precisely points out all the individual haracteristics of the stone, inclusions and any flaws. A diamond which is certified provides consumers with confidence, security and increases comfort levels while making a decision on which diamond to purchase. Learn more about diamond certificates and diamond certification.

diamond logo Diamond Certificates

When shopping for a loose diamond it is extremely important that you buy a certified diamond that has been independently certified. Diamond grading laboratories such as GIA, HRD, AGS & DCLA are all internationally recognised and independent.

A certified diamond is a diamond that has been tested, examined and graded by a team of independent fully trained gemologists who then issue a Diamond certificate for that diamond.  A diamond certificate is a blueprint of a loose diamond that has been certified.

A diamond certificate is also be called a diamond grading report or diamond dossier. The diamond certificate documents the diamond's exact measurements and weight, as well as the details of its cut and quality. It precisely points out all the individual characteristics of the stone, inclusions and any flaws. 

Independent diamond certification is essential for authenticity and also insurance purposes. A certified diamond provides consumers with confidence, security and increases comfort levels while making a decision on which loose diamond to purchase. Before purchasing a loose diamond, you should expect to review a copy of its diamond certificate, as this is your only guarantee of the quality and value of that diamond.

Diamond Grading Laboratories
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Diamond Laser Inscription

Laser inscription is the use of a very fine precise laser beam to write a grading report number, or customised personal message on the girdle of a diamond. The laser inscription is totally invisible to the naked eye, and can only be seen with a magnifying loupe or a special diamond inscription viewer. Laser inscription provides instant verification, added security and peace of mind when making a diamond purchase. Laser inscription will ensure that the loose diamond matches the Diamond Certificate. Learn more about laser inscribing diamonds and diamond laser inscription.

diamond logo Diamond Laser Inscription

Laser inscription is the use of a very fine, precise laser beam to write a grading Diamond Laser Inscription Viewerreport number or customised personal message on the girdle (outside perimeter) of a diamond. The laser inscription is totally invisible to the naked eye and can only be seen with a magnifying loupe or a special diamond inscription viewer.

Cold laser inscription does not change the colour or clarity grade of a diamond and is considered permanent as it can only be removed by a professional diamond cutter. The latest cold laser technology allows excellent control during inscription without damaging the diamond (unlike a hot laser). Laser inscription will ensure that the loose diamond matches the Diamond Certificate. If the diamond is set in the ring it will also confirm that it is the same diamond as the one described on the Diamond Certificate.

Diamonds that have a laser inscription of the diamond certificate or diamond report number on the girdle of the diamond provide instant verification, added security and peace of mind when making a diamond purchase.

It is also important to note the difference between hot and cold lasers. Cold laser technology allows excellent control during inscription without damaging the diamond. Cold lasers are used by the GIA, HRD, AGS, DCLA - All the major diamond grading laboratories.

Hot lasers are generally used during manufacturing and low end, cheaper hot lasers are often used by retailers for branding purposes and smaller laboratories. Be aware that hot lasers can alter the quality or damage the diamond.

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Diamond Hearts & Arrows

Hearts and Arrows is the term that is used to describe round diamonds that display a complete and precise Hearts and Arrows pattern with a total optical symmetry. All round diamonds display a hearts and arrows pattern to a certain extent. Diamonds with a true Hearts and Arrows pattern are extremely rare. Hearts and Arrows diamonds produce excellent brilliance, fire and scintillation. Further information about about the term hearts and arrows and Hearts and Arrows diamonds.

diamond logo Hearts & Arrows Diamonds

Hearts & Arrows is the term that is used to describe diamonds that display a complete and precise Hearts & Arrows pattern. The Hearts & Arrows effect is displayed when all the facets are precisely aligned and the diamond is cut and polished to perfection. For a diamond to be classified as a true Hearts & Arrows diamond the hearts & arrows pattern must be vivid, symmetrical and clearly formed. Hearts & Arrows

For optimum Hearts & Arrows effect the cutter must be willing to sacrifice expensive rough diamond material, losing significant percentage of costly rough stone to yield a smaller diamond of superior beauty. it can take up to 4 days to cut and polish a diamond that exhibit a complete Hearts & Arrows pattern making them expensive to cut than diamonds even an Ideal cut diamond.

The term Hearts & Arrows is a generic description used by the diamond industry to refer to diamonds that exhibit a crisp and complete pattern of Hearts & Arrows. This phenomenon of Hearts & Arrows pattern can only be seen with the aid of a Hearts & Arrows viewer.

It is important to note that all diamonds display a Hearts & Arrows pattern to a certain extent, even poorly cut diamonds. Unfortunately the Hearts & Arrows term has been loosely used as a marketing and branding term by many diamond dealers and jewellers in order to entice consumers.

One should be extremely careful when they see a diamond that has been advertised or promoted as H&A or Hearts & Arrows even if it has been laser inscribed on the girdle, as this does not guarantee that the diamond is actually a true Hearts & Arrows diamond. On most occassions it is merely nothing more than marketing and branding by the the actual diamond merchant or jeweller themselves and it is misrepresenting the diamond as H&A or Hearts & Arrows when it is merely an additional laser inscription on the diamond that has been done prior to grading or after the diamond has been certified.

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Diamond Fluorescence

Diamond Fluorescence refers to how a diamond responds when subjected to ultra-violet light.  Some diamonds, when they are exposed to UV light, glow different colors. Some diamond merchants and jewellers will tell you that fluorescence is bad. The truth is that fluorescence rarely affects a diamond's sparkle and brilliance. In lower coloured diamonds fluorescence has the ability to make them look whiter and more colourless. Diamond fluorescence is a matter of personal opinion and fluorescence may enhance the overall brilliance of a diamond. Learn more about diamond fluorescence.

diamond logo Diamond Fluorescence

About a third of diamonds exhibit fluorescence and the effect is like a white shirt in a discotheque. Fluorescence in diamonds ranges from faint to very strong, and the most common fluorescent color is blue. Blue fluorescence can make yellowish diamonds look white or colourless because blue is the complimentary color to yellow and yellow is the most common tinted color in diamonds.Diamond Fluorescence
A GIA survey found that fluorescent diamonds were favoured over non fluorescent diamonds in both the lower colour range AND in the higher colour range - (D, E, and F). Fluorescence in the higher colour range is usually discounted or rejected by jewellers and the trade. Many years ago D-F colourless fluorescent diamonds were highly prized and referred to as "blue-white diamonds".

One of the most likely reasons that fluorescent diamonds are discounted or rejected is because many jewellers and jewellery salespeople are not able to explain the complex phenomenon called fluorescence. When the word “fluorescence” is written on a grading report it makes the diamond harder to sell.

The only factor that is usually missing from all certificates or grading reports except DCLA is the transperancy of a diamond. Therefore it is imperative that you judge the transperancy with your eyes rather than just relying on a fluorescence comment on a grading report or diamond certificate.

You should compare the diamond with other diamonds under cool white light, incandescent (halogen) light and also daylight as this will illustrate a diamonds transperancy and light return. A very good cut diamond with very good transperancy and an equally very good lustre will look great under all three forms of light mentioned, whether it is fluorescent or not.

It's worthy to note that some Japanese companies charge extra for fluorescent diamonds by justifying that the diamond posseses an added optical phenomena similar to asterism ( six ray star) or chatoyancy (cat's eye) found in gemstones.

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Conflict Free Diamonds

Wholesale Diamonds, along with the international diamond industry, has a zero-tolerance policy toward conflict diamonds. Through measures such as the Kimberley Process, which tracks diamonds from mine to market, the diamond industry in partnership with the United Nations, International Governments, and non-governmental organizations, oversee and monitor diamond exports to prevent the trade of illegal diamonds. Wholesale Diamonds only purchases diamonds directly from De Beers Siteholders, who all strictly adhere to the standards established by the Kimberley Process. This enables Wholesale Diamonds a direct and continuous supply of Guaranteed Conflict Free Diamonds.

diamond logo Conflict Free Diamonds

Wholesale Diamonds are able to guarantee that all our diamonds are conflict free and have been purchased through legitimate sources and we choose to comply with the United Nations backed Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and refuse to deal in Conflict Diamonds.

Wholesale Diamonds insists that all our suppliers are able to provide us with written guarantees, ensuring that all diamonds are Conflict Free, that the diamonds have been purchased from legitimate sources which have not been involved in funding conflict and they are committed to upholding the Kimberley Process and The United Nations resolutions.
Conflict Free Diamonds
Conflict or Blood Diamonds
Conflict diamonds are diamonds illegally traded to fund conflict in war-torn areas, particularly in central and western Africa. The United Nations (UN) defines conflict diamonds as "...diamonds that originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments, and are used to fund military action in opposition to those governments, or in contravention of the decisions of the Security Council." Conflict diamonds are also referred to as "blood diamonds."

In July 2000, the global diamond industry made clear to the international community its zero tolerance policy towards conflict diamonds. Dedicated to eradicating the trade in conflict diamonds, it worked closely with the United Nations, governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada to create the Kimberley Process Certification System. This system was formally adopted in 2003 and guards against conflict diamonds entering the legitimate diamond supply chain. The diamond industry also adopted a voluntary System of Warranties to assure consumers that their diamonds are from sources free of conflict.

While diamonds have been used to fund conflict today more than 99% of the world's diamonds come from conflict free sources.
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Diamond Shapes

Diamonds are cut in many different and exciting shapes . The shape of a diamond is often confused with its cut. Shape refers to the basic form of the diamond. The most common Diamond shapes are, round, princess, emerald, ascher, cushion, oval, heart, radiant, baguette, trilliant, marquise and pear shape. When it comes to the shape of a diamond, it is simply a matter of personal taste. The right diamond shape for you is really the shape that you like the appearance of, or have a preference to wards. More about the different cuts and various shapes of diamonds.

Round DiamondRound Brilliant Diamonds 
Round brilliant cut diamonds accounts for more than 75% of diamonds sold, they have 58 facets that are cut with precison to display maximum brilliance, fire & scintillation.
Asscher Cut DiamondsAsscher Cut Diamonds
Asscher cut diamonds they have a squarish step cut shape, wide cut corners and an octagonal outline that displays a distinctive windmill reflection.
Cushion Cut DiamondsCushion Cut Diamonds 
Cushion cut diamonds look like a combination of old cut and oval cut diamonds, they are also known as "pillow-cuts", they have rounded corners and large facets.
Emerald Cut DiamondsEmerald Cut Diamonds 
Emerald cut diamonds are rectangular in shape with cut corners, they are known as step cuts because they have concentric flat planes that resemble stair steps.
Heart Shape DiamondsHeart Shaped Diamonds 
Heart shaped diamonds are the ultimate symbol of romance, they are essentially a pear-shaped diamond with a cleft at the top.

marquise Cut DiamondsMarquise Cut Diamonds
Marquise cut diamonds have a boat-like shaped girdle with 57 facets and are they are brilliant cut diamonds that appear visually larger than their actual carat weight.
Oval Shape DiamondsOval Shape Diamonds
Oval shape diamonds are also brilliant cuts very similar to round diamonds except they are elliptical in shape, their technical name is oval modified brilliant.
Pear Shape DiamondsPear Shaped Diamonds 
Pear shape diamonds are a hybrid cut, combining the best of the oval and the marquise cut diamonds and it has a sparkling tear drop shape.
Princess Cut DiamondsPrincess Cut Diamonds 
Princes cut diamonds are square or rectangular in shape with numerous sparkling facets, they require more weight toward the diamond's depth to maximize brilliance.
Radiant Cut DiamondsRadiant Cut Diamonds 
Radiant cut diamonds are square or rectangular, they combine the elegance of the emerald shape with the brilliance of round diamonds to maximize refraction.
Trilliant Cut DiamondsTrilliant Cut Diamonds
Trilliant cut diamonds display a sharp brilliance and fire good scintillation, they are cut with either straight or slightly curved sides.

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Diamond Settings

Diamond Rings come in a variety of designs these days. There are several designs to choose from when it is time to purchase your diamond ring. The most popular styles are; Solitaire setting, Solitaire cathedral setting, Setting with baguette diamonds, Diamond 3 stone setting, and diamond Channel set ring. Apart from the ring design there is also the setting style of the actual diamonds to consider. The setting for your loose diamond is like a picture frame, it holds and protects the diamond, and enhances its beauty. Further explanation about the various diamond settings and ring settings.

diamond logoDiamond Settings

Claw or Prong SettingsClaw Setting
Claw setting is the one most often used to set a solitaire. Claw setting puts the emphasis on the diamond and not the metal supporting it. The purpose of any setting is to hold the diamond securely in the mounting and at the same time allow light to enter the diamonds for maximum brilliance. The claws can also be V-shaped for sharp cornered stones such as Princess and Marquise cuts.

Bezel Setting
Bezel SettingBezel setting has a collar of precious metal that wraps around the diamond to secure it. The bezel is attached to the top of the ring and stands up above it, adding height and another dimension to the setting. A half bezel setting is when a bezel is 'split' into two sections, arching around part of the diamond.

 

Channel Setting
Channel SettingChannel setting offers a sleek, elegant appearance. The diamonds are set in a continuos line, aligned side by side between two rails of metal at an even height to secure the diamonds. No meatl appears betwenn the diamonds. Channel setting protects the diamonds extremely well and none of the edges are exposed.

Pave Setting
Pave Setting Pave setting is when the surface of a ring appears to be covered with tiny diamonds, the technique is called Pavé which means paved. It's an apt name because the surface looks a bit like a very pretty street paved with cobblestones. Small diamonds, usually round, are bead set close together so that the area and metal between them is minimal. The result is a 'paved surface'.

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